Synagogue. Jews stared to settle in Tykocin from the sixteenth century. They earned money by dabble crafts, trade and other professions. Next to them lived Poles and Lithuanians. In the eighteenth century the owners of the city (because it was a private town) burdened three nationalities with duty of repair and maintain the bridge over the Narew. Until this time, tolls belonged to the community of the city, and from that moment is not enough that a heir took for himself the toll, but still he ordered the bridge repair. Each nation received the assigned section of the crossing for which they were responsible. Residents usually hired carpenters and according to old chronicles - never initiative of repair the bridge did not come from them. Always this was orders of owners of the court. Reminders were repeated every two, three years, what means that repairs were carried out superficially and at the lowest cost.
In the sixteenth century, Jews of Tykocin received from the king of Poland privileges of freedom living and possession of land in the city, freedom to trade every goods, as well as the right to produce and sell alcoholic beverages. At the same time claimed that they can not violate the rights of the townspeople. But it happened in the seventeenth century that the local priest at evening led church procession through the Jewish Quarter. Local Jews with the rabbi and the local mayor - by sticks and rods dispersed the procession. Pursuant to an agreement which soon concluded, priests from Tykocin committed not to carry out any procession through the Jewish quarter and Jews in return offered small donations to the church. Interestingly, the mayor of the town that was sentenced to prison by the Polish king for the whole incident, didn't lose his office, and over the years is recorded in the books of the city as the acting position. And the irascible rabbi is not even mentioned.
Synagogue. Wall of verses. The prayer hall has a lowered floor referring to the words of the psalm: "Out of the depths I cry to you, Lord."The oldest inscriptions on the walls with a fragment of Psalm of David, come from the XVII century, however, most of the texts of prayers and biblical quotations are from the XIX century.
Tykocin. Kaczorowska Street. A district inhabited before the war by the Jewish population was made up of a number of houses in the same style. By successive generations were adjusted to needs. If the owner worked in trade - entrance doors were double doors and led directly to the street. If carried out activities of craftsmen - expanded back of the building and cellars. Under number 1 is on the Kaczorowska a house in which we can easily find traces of the former owners. Above the door on the right side is the Star of David made from the laths. To this day, in the middle are preserved tiled stoves, furniture or even sanitary area with a stool on the bucket of water and a basin for washing. Zyskind Olsztajn, a heir of the house, sold it in 1946 to a man who during the war took the property and had there a store with metal articles.
Tykocin. Marketplace. From memories of a Jew from Tykocin: "On Monday, August 25 at six o'clock in the morning, all Jews, men, women, and children, came to the market. At the square stood a table and chairs, on which sat the German police and began to mark the names of incoming Jews. This procedure did not last long, however. As soon as the marketplace was filled with people, registration was suspended (...). Gestapo with help of the local Polish auxiliary police, armed with rubber whips, ordered closure of the marketplace. (...) Meanwhile, at seven o'clock, seven trucks came up with the Gestapo. At the last car noticed machine guns and several boxes of ammunition. The whole marketplace was heavily guarded by the German murderers. (...) In the fast-paced, with forced singing, under blows of the guards hastened Jews (...) to the village Zawada, where they were locked in, prepared in advance, a building of the local primary school. (...) From the Zawada village led a simple and short way to the Łopuchowski forest, where were already prepared pits. (...) Every few minutes to the primary school building drove up the car filled with Jews, to which Germans explained that they are taking them to a ghetto in Czerwony Bór. However, they were carried into the pits, where they were thrown alive. Pit was deep to 5 meters and there was no way to escape from there. Cars drove back and forth all day, almost at dusk Germany ended their devilish work, filled the whole pit with people. Before night the peasants from the surrounding villages buried pits under the supervision of the German bandits."
Sightseeing of Tykocin and memorials in forest in Łopuchowo with a licensed guide (2 languages in the standard).
Individual tour with own Guide.
Transportation from anywhere in Warsaw directly to all locations on the tour route in the same car.
Your journey by comfortable car (1-4 persons: Mercedes E or Volvo S80; 4-6 persons: Mercedes Viano or VW Multivan; 7-15 persons: Mercedes Sprinter) will start from anywhere in Warsaw, at time which you will choose.
After arriving to Tykocin, for 1.5 hours you sightsee museum and synagogue with licensed guide. Then we are going to see statue of murdered inhabitants in Łopuchowo forest.
After completion of Tykocin Tour, our qualified driver takes you to any place in Warsaw.
1. Transit Warsaw - Tykocin.
2. Tykocin. Great Synagogue: Main Hall (XVII century), Room of Rabin, memorabilia of the Jews of Tykocin. Talmudic House: Old Pharmacy, interior of bourgeois home.
3. Transit Tykocin - Łopuchowo.
4. Łopuchowo forest. Grave and memorial to the murdered Jews of Tykocin.
5. Transit Łopuchowo - Warsaw.
The total duration of the tour: 6 hours.
Distance between Warsaw and Tykocin is 175 km / 109 miles.
Distance between Tykocin and Łopuchowo is 5 km / 3 miles.
Approximate driving time one way: 2 hours.
Time of Tykocin Tour may vary slightly due to the situation on the road or random events which are out of Organizer's control.